Training and professionalisation in the arts therapies: Some examples and perspectives from Europe

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Vicky Karkou
Giorgos Tsiris
Diana Kayafa


Drawing on historical and contemporary examples from different European countries, this paper explores the diverse landscape of training and professionalisation in the arts therapies. As such different approaches and pathways of development are outlined alongside considerations of the socio- political conditions of different countries. After a brief historical note regarding the development of the arts therapies, we focus on training within modern European contexts and explore issues of collaboration and integration. Within this context, we discuss the role of professional bodies and reflect on the balance between shared standards and diversity in the arts therapies. This leads to a consideration of professional recognition and of its complexities.

Keywords: arts therapies, training, professionalisation, Europe 

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